Museum is an indispensable part of the department of the anthropology. It is essential to teaching of almost all branches of anthropology. The museum at the Department of Anthropology, Delhi University has the finest collections of artifacts and specimens, and has been greatly enriched because of the patronage of the late Prime Minister, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, who donated a number of artifacts.

It consists of a large number of material cultural objects associated with different economic and social types, such as hunting and food-gathering, fishing, horticulture, animal-breeding, farming and agriculture. Musical instruments from different societies are also kept in the Museum, so are the models of different types of habitation from Indian tribes. Dresses and ornaments, and weapons, constitute a separate section in the Museum. The paper on cultural ecology in B.Sc.part-III (Hons.) is taught with special reference to the ethnographic Museum.

For the teaching of Prehistoric archaeology, the museum has a rich collection of stone and bone implements. This collection is from different geological times-scales, beginning from the Paleolithic to the Bronze Age. Every year, new additions are made to the collection; this is the outcome of fieldwork/ study tour to archaeological site by UG students.

The museum also has handsome collection of casts of fossil man. Stuffed great apes are also kept, so are the bones of the primates. All these are used for study and research purpose in physical anthropology.